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Jujube

Jujubes

Jujube Trees

Zizyphus jujube

The Jujube is commonly referred to as a Chinese Date. They are little pear shaped fruit that are sweet and chewy. Beautiful ornamental tree with gnarled branches and weeping foliage. Grows in diverse climates, drought resistant, virtually pest and disease free, will thrive in hot summer locations. Regular pruning is often not necessary. Harvest fruit for fresh eating when mottled with brown. Fruit left on tree will dry completely and shrivel. Dried fruits keep for over a year at cool temperatures. The dried fruit resembles a date. Zones 5-10


Harvest Tips: Jujubes vary from round to elongate and from cherry-size to plum-size depending on cultivar. It has a thin, edible skin surrounding whitish flesh of sweet. The immature fruit is green in color, but as it ripens it goes through a yellow-green stage with mahogany-colored spots appearing on the skin as the fruit ripens further. The fully mature fruit is entirely red. Shortly after becoming fully red, the fruit begins to soften and wrinkle. The fruit can be eaten after it becomes wrinkled, but most people prefer them during the interval between the yellow-green stage and the full red stage. At this stage the flesh is crisp and sweet, reminiscent of an apple. Under dry conditions jujubes lose moisture, shrivel and become spongy inside. The crop ripens non-simultaneously, and fruit can be picked for several weeks from a single tree. If picked green, jujubes will not ripen. Ripe fruits may be stored at room temperature for about a week. The fruit may be eaten fresh, dried or candied. Tests in Russia indicate a very high vitamin C content. The fruit has been used medicinally for millennia by many cultures. One of its most popular uses is as a tea for sore throat




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