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Nectarine Trees

 

Nectarines

Nectarine Trees

Prunus persica var nucipersica

Nectarines have grown in popularity over the past few years and are an absolutely delicious fruit. Unfortunately, in areas of high rainfall, like the north coast of California, they are more subject to bacterial canker and brown rot than peaches. For those in drier climates or those who want to try them anyway, we have three mouth-watering yellow varieties and three nectar-sweet white varieties. All are self-fruitful.


Harvest Tip: Harvest your nectarines when they are fully ripe. If they are picked before reaching peak ripeness, they may soften but their flavor will not reach its peak flavor. Nectarines reach full ripeness when there is no green left on the fruit, with the exception of a few heirloom varieties. Before you pull the fruit off the branch, gently squeeze. Nectarines get sweeter and juicier as they ripen so squeezing them will tell you about ripeness. Gently press or squeeze the shoulder and tip (where the stem was) - if it just starts to give, it's ripe and ready to eat. They should come off the tree with only a slight twist. The fruits found on the top and outside of the tree usually ripen first. Be careful when picking your peaches because some varieties bruise very easily. A damaged nectarine will release ethylene which causes other peaches to over ripen and can ruin an entire crate of fruit, so handle with great care.  Nectarines have a relatively short shelf life compared to other fruits. They can be stored for approximately 2-4 weeks, after which they are unlikely to be appetizing or safe to eat.