Fruit Tree Vernacular

Acid - used to describe sharp biting flavor.
Bloom -the fine gray sheen found on apples, plums, or grapes when they are newly harvested.
Blush - description to indicate a solid rosy colored area, usually the exposed side of the fruit.
Breba - Some figs have two crops in hot climates. The first crop is breba tends to be lower yield.
Budding - grafting with a single bud instead of a piece of wood containing several buds.
Clone -a cultivar propagated a-sexually from a single specimen.
Dessert Apple - good eaten fresh.
Espalier - A tree or a row of trees, trained in a formal two dimensional shape often along a fence or trellis.
Fireblight -Individual terminal shoots and blossoms wither as if scorched by fire.
Freestone - A stone fruit in which the pit does cling to the flesh, but breaks free easily.
Fruit spurs - small twigs which contain fruit buds.
Hardiness - ability to withstand cold temperatures.
Oblate - A fruit shaped with flat ends, wider than it's tall.
Pollinizer - The plant cultivar that produces the pollen.
Pollinator -The agent transferring the pollen; bees, flies or wind.
Precocious - Fruit trees that bear fruit at a young age.
Russet (Reinette) -Reddish brown or yellow brown rough mottled skin on fruit.
Rootstock -root bearing plant which the scion is grafted.
Scab - dark, corky patches infect developing leaves and fruit. Many scabs scattered over fruit surface.
Scion - bud or branch used for grafting.
Shoots - twigs or branches on current years growth.
Sport - A variety or strain arising from a bud mutation on a previously named variety.
Sprightly - means the acid in the fruit comes through and influences the flavor favorably.
Subacid -Originally meaning "mildly sour , but now referring to flavors that are "slightly sweet" low in acid.
Suckers - Shoots growing from the roots or below the graft union.
Triploid - An apple variety with three sets of chromosomes which have sterile pollen; typically vigorous tree.
Vinous - Wine-like flavor.
Water Core - sweet translucent flesh in the interior of the fruit.
Water Sprout - Vigorous shoot growing vertically from a scaffold, unproductive and saps energy from trees.

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